Our Earth is a beautiful and the most diversified planet known, in the universe. The millions different living organisms on Earth are amazing, and creatures like Human Being make it extraordinary. Even after so much of advancement in the technology, we have not been able to find any planet as diverse, and as incredible as our Earth. However, among so many stars and planets in the universe, our earth is minuscule, but for us, this is immense. Moreover, since, the planet is our home; we human beings are working towards making it a better place to live.
About the 7 Continents of the World
Our Earth has a massive land, which is divided into what is called as a ‘Continent.’ These seven regions are distinguished by convention, not by any fixed standard. There are 7 continents in the world. These are Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Europe, Asia, North America and South America. The largest continent amongst all the 7 continents is Asia, while the smallest continent is Australia.
All the 7 continents put together, form only one-third of the area of the total land on earth. Other than that, all the area is covered by water. The two-third of the total land on earth is situated in upper half portion, i.e., Northern hemisphere.
Area and Population of all 7 continents
|Continent||Area 〖Km〗||Total landmass Percent||Population||Most Populous City|
|North America||24,490,000||16.5%||8%||Mexico City, Mexico|
|South America||17,840,000||12.0%||6%||São Paulo, Brazil|
|Antarctica||13,720,000||9.2%||0%||McMurdo Station, US|
List of 7 continents
1. Asia – Largest Continent of the World
Land Area of Asia: 44,029,797 (km²)
Population of Asia: 4,361,416,312 (2015)
Largest City in Asia: Tokyo, Japan (37,126,000 (2012))
Highest mountain of Asia: Mount Everest (29029’)
Longest River in Asia: Yangtze River 6300 km (3916 miles)
Asia is the largest continent amongst the 7 continents on the globe in regards to area and population both. On the other hand, Australia is the smallest one amongst all the 7 continents in both the aspects. Asia is so vast that it covers the 30% of the land on earth, which is close to 44,579,000 square km. Asia alone comprises of 8.66% of the geosphere and is surrounded by the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Ural Mountains on the East and the Pacific Ocean on the west, and Indian Ocean in the South, side. The famous Himalayas are also a part of Asia (Tibet), with the Mount Everest as the highest point in the world. As the rivers are the most important natural source of water for human life, and play an indispensable role in the development of a continents in regards to cultural, history, biology, and geography. The world’s third longest river Yangtze (6,211 km long) flows through China, an Asian country. Along with this all, we have Gobi desert, which is biggest desert (281,800 km) in Asia.
Climate, an important consideration, while making any tour plans in tourism, is an essential component in the tourism industry that influences the prosperity of the business. The climate of Asia is based on the geography and location of the places. These weather conditions also contribute towards a variety of different animals and plants. Asia consists of fifty-three countries together with Turkey and Russia, which are parts of two continents, Europe, and Asia. Several other economically dominant countries of Asia are China, India, and Japan. Along with these countries, Asia has a kingdom of Petroleum and Oil, in the countries like Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar that elevates the economy of these countries.
Outstanding Structures In Asia
Many ancient civilizations came to Asia from different locations of the world and bequeathed their souvenirs as most incredible structures and monuments. Asia also comprises of some natural marvels that attract tourists from the various areas of the world. Read on for the prominent structures of Asia below, such as Great Wall of China.
Tourist Locations in Asia
The Asia continent brings forth the vast diversification of geographical, cultural, historical aspects along with various ethnicities and significant structures. Asia has many fascinating things to offer to the tourists. For people who want to explore the biggest continent on Earth amongst the 7 continents of the world, following are the excellent tourist’s attractions and destinations in the arms of nature in Asia. For individuals who admire the beauty of nature must visit the Northern Asia for it’s pristine and innate beauty, green valley, flowing rivers and snow clad mountains.
Culture of Asia
Asia has diversified cultures because of its enormous population. These colorful cultures are incredibly touching and rich with values. They exhibit characters of the vast history of the continent. There are various ancient civilizations passed their cultural legacy, traditions and a wealth of different practices to their posterity. These bequests contribute towards various celebrations and festivals that can surprise any visitor.
Asia has a natural abundance of the flowing streams. The yellow river, Yangtze and Euphrates River in Asia continent are amongst the longest rivers in the world. These flowing rivers are responsible for the fertile lands of Asia and support their masses to flourish. Rivers like Indus, Euphrates, and Tigris, had an immense historical importance, as many civilizations of ancient times prospered around these waterways. There are many water activities around the banks of these rivers that fascinate the visitors and force them to explore more.
Asia has many things to offer to their visitors. From diversified culture, to amazing nature and great historic monuments. So visit Asia to feel the magic.
2. Africa – Second Largest Continent of the World
Land Area of Africa: 28,489,869 (km²)
Population of Africa: 1,111,000,000 (2013)
Largest City in Africa: Lagos, Nigeria (15,118,780 (2014))
Highest mountain in Africa: Mount Kilimanjaro (19,431’)
Longest River in Africa:Nile 6650 km (4132 miles)
Africa is the second largest continent amongst other 7 continents, regarding size as well as population. The population of Africa is more than 1 billion people living in its 54 countries. The immense area of Africa covers 20% of the entire land on our planet and comprises of 15% of the population in the world. This continent has tropical/hot climate because of the equator line proceeds in the center of Africa. The north and south regions of the continents have better weather conditions compared to the much warmer center area. The oldest found fossils of Homo sapiens were discovered from the eastern regions of Africa, which ascribes towards the existence of the earliest humanity ownership of the continent.
The large area and diversifying climate conditions of Africa are responsible for various intriguing and amazing species of animals as well as plants on the planet. Presently, Africa is the home for more than seven thousand varieties of species of birds, fish, and mammals. Along with this, Africa also has over 1,00,000 insect species. The biggest and tallest animals are both, found in Africa, i.e., elephant and giraffe respectively.
Africa is surrounded by a few water bodies, such as the Indian Ocean to the southeast of Africa, the Mediterranean Sea on the Northern side, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Red Sea to the northeastern side of the continent. Africa is also close to the continent Europe, which is only 14.3 km (8.9 miles) away from the northwest of Africa. The lengthiest river in the world, Nile River, flows along the northeastern region of the continent Africa and is 4,352 miles long.
Outstanding Structures in Africa
The Africa is popular for its landmarks that include historical structures that were amongst initial developments of humankind along with modern marvels that are have excellent artifacts. The archaeological essence of the planet attracts many explorers and even science and technology professionals from all around the world, who are amazed by the historical substances found in Africa. The most popular tourist attractions of the continent include Victoria Falls located in Zimbabwe, The most controversial and mesmerizing Pyramids and its well-known Diamond Mine located in South Africa.
Tourist Locations in Africa
Africa has many tourist destinations that are not only fascinating but also amongst the great marvels of the world. The Egypt is a country with many such exciting discoveries. Along with all these things, distinct water-creature and wildlife on the continent also draw the attention of many visitors. The South Africa, also known as Dark Continent, has beautiful deserts, golden savannahs, opulent private game reserves and many such things to offer to its tourist. In addition, the ravishing jewels of South Africa a most popular tourist attraction for females.
Africa also offers white-water rafting, Coral reefs, shark dives, and golden beaches with legendary surfing facilities to its enthusiastic visitors along with the picturesque view of dragon-backed mountain ranges.
Culture of Africa
Africa has a manifold culture that has mixed tribal influence. These tribes have contributed towards the uniqueness of the African culture. The diversified culture of Africa is seen in its folklore, clothing, music, cuisine, language, religion as well as arts and crafts. If you visit different countries in Africa, you can explore their individual cultures. Though the sense of Nationalism revived the difference in the cultures, yet their traditions and languages describe the various immigrants that got settled in Africa
The longest River of Africa, Nile River, is also at the top River of the world in terms of length. The river is 6,600 km long and is the best waterway of the continent. It has White Nile and the Blue Nile as its Tributaries. Other most popular rivers of Africa are Congo and Niger. Niger flows into the Mali’s well-known Sahara desert along with Timbuktu amongst the cities located on its banks.
Most visitors associate Africa with Safaris only, but there are caravans, crafts markets, pygmy villages, other exotic treats, and much more that the continent has to offer to the tourist of the world. You should explore the humungous unique opportunities of Africa, which can make your experience beyond imagination.
3. North America – Third Largest Continent
Land Area of North America: 9,540,000 (mi²) / 23,309,892 (km²)
Population of North America: 564,547,963 (2013)
Largest City in North America: Mexico City, Mexico (19,411,000 (2012))
Highest mountain of North America: Mount McKinley (20320’)
Longest River in North America: Missouri – Mississippi River 6083 km (3780 miles)
The continent North America lies entirely in the northern hemisphere. Towards its north side, it has the Arctic Ocean, whereas, in the east, there is the Atlantic Ocean. On its west and south, there is the Pacific Ocean, while southern east side border is connected to South America as well as the Caribbean Sea. Along with Northern Hemisphere, it also lies in the Western Hemisphere. There are around 565 citizens reside in the North America. It covers almost 16.5% of the total land of the geosphere and 7.5% of the population of the world. North America is the 3rd largest continent in terms of area and stands fourth regarding population among all other continents. United States of America, Mexico, Greenland and Canada covered the most of the North American locations. Caribbean Region and Central America comprises of a few small states also.
The population of the continent resides in its 23 self-governing countries. The primitive inhabitants of the continent North America had come from the Asian continent to Alaska through the Bering Land Bridge. European immigrants also arrived in North America in the middle of 16th century. These European migrants dominated the North America.
The weather conditions of the continent are very contrasting. Not only climate but geography and wildlife of the North America are also diversified. The continent has Death Valley desert with higher temperatures as well as Mount McKinley Mountains, which are covered in snow. North America also comprises of world’s second biggest freshwater Lake, known as Lake Superior and is North America’s largest lake.
The continent provides around 50% corn to the world by producing its crops. Not only corn, but it is also responsible for the 1/5th of the wheat supply all over the world. North America has a powerful economy, which has the best GDP per capita amongst all the continents. Atlanta Airport of North America, which is located in Georgia, is the busiest airport in the world.
Tourists Locations of North America
Everyone on the planet knows about the excellent structures of North America, no matter whether people have visited the place or not. The popular destinations of North America start from Panama Canal to Niagara Falls, to L’Anse Aux Meadows, Pyramid of Teotihuacán, Statue of Liberty, Mount Rushmore, and the list goes on. The North America offers their tourists a lifetime experience with its fabulous marvels, natural or man-made, historical heritage or modern wonders, cultural ethnicity or westernization; it has everything that a tourist wants.
Culture of North America
The main culture of North America is western culture, which is influenced by native inhabitants of America and immigrants from Europe, Asia, and Africa. The continent of North America has its unique cultural and social qualities amongst other continents regarding folklore, music, arts, cuisine and society. Because of the immigrant from all over the world, who settled in the continent during the entire history, US has such radical cultural diversifications.
North American Rivers
There are numerous, say hundreds of rivers in North America flowing through Mexico, Panama Canal, etc. These offer the opportunity for exploring the places like Grand Canyon in northern Arizona through waterways. Tourists can have boat trips or cruises to enjoy the adventurous rides.
Millions of tourists visit North America every year, especially to enjoy the western culture, which is very popular amongst the eastern countries and explores the world of the architectural masterpieces. There are so many dazzling sites in the continent that people want to visit the North America again and again.
4. South America – Fourth Largest Continent
Land Area of South America: 6,888,000 (mi²) / 15,539,928 (km²)
Population of South America: 414,332,000 (2015)
Largest City in South America: São Paulo, Brazil (19,901,000 (2014))
Highest mountain of South America: Aconcagua (22841’)
Longest River in South America: Amazon River 6678 km (4150 miles)
South America, like North America, is also located in the western hemisphere of the earth, and it is situated in the south of North America and lies in the Southern hemisphere also. To its west, it has the Pacific Ocean, and it has the Atlantic Ocean towards its east and northern border. The Caribbean Sea is located in the Northwest of the South America along with North America in the same direction. The continent occupies around 17,840,000 square km of land on the earth with over three billion of the population. Area-wise, it is the 4th biggest and 5th most populated continent out of all other 7 continents in the world. It consists of 12 sovereigns and 2 non-sovereign states. South America, sometimes, also called the ‘subcontinent of America.
South America is a rich country, both biographically and geographically. South America has the highest continuous waterfall, which is located in Venezuela. The most intense and voluminous river of the world, Amazon River, is also situated in South American continent. Whether most dry and non-polar desert Atacama, or the largest and most dense rainforest Amazon forests, the South American continent has some of the world’s most talked about locations on earth. There are also some unique but astonishing animal species that are found in South America, including Jaguar, piranha, anaconda and much more. A vast population of different species on earth can be found in Amazon forests of the South America. The largest country of the continent is Brazil covering half of its land as well as population.
Tourist locations in South America
The South American continent has some amazing natural and man-made landmarks as compare to other 7 continents of the world. These offer you the breathtaking landscapes and some dream experiences. Whether it is a carnival of Brazil, remote locations of Amazon, historical monuments, or the fascinating waterfalls and beautiful glaciers, South America has most captivating tourist destinations to offer to its visitors.
South America has a great history and diversified culture. There are some stunning historical structures from the ancient times still present in South America. These historical landmarks are some of well-known world’s heritage sites, such as Machu Picchu, located in Peru, scientific structures like Brazil’s Itaipu Dam, religious landmarks including Sao Paolo, second largest Catholic Church in the world, along with historical monuments like statue of Christ the Redeemer.
Culture of South America
South America has a crazy combination of the colonial churches, the European language, exotic beach culture, and secular politics. When European immigrants and African slaves moved to South America, its native inhabitants acquired their culture fused with the western culture of United States. The dominant languages of South America were Spanish and Portuguese mainly, along with French. The dominant religion is Roman Catholic is found mostly in Hispanic countries and many parts of Brazil.
There are some significant world heritage sites in locations like Peru, Suriname, Galapagos Island, Uyuni Salt Flats and many such incredible places, which are mesmerizing and give the tourists an unbelievable calmness and peace of mind.
South American Rivers
Amazon River, the main River of South America is the second largest River on the globe with a length of around 4,400 miles, a little short of Nile River. Rio Sao Francisco and Madeira River are two famous Brazilian Rivers of South American continent. South America has the largest systems of Rivers in the world. There is a massive network of approachable and navigable rivers in Amazon region. The populations of these areas mostly travel by boats during a long rainy season. Many of the travel organizations arrange for boating trips as well as cruises, so travelers from all over the world can enjoy the breath-taking view of the Amazon forests and their ultimate creatures.
A tourist can spend a lifetime in exploring and discovering the miracles that South America has to offer. That makes this continent an interesting and best destination for the tourism industry.
5. Antarctica Continent – Fifth Largest Continent of the World
Land Area of Antarctica: 12,949,940 (km²)
Population of Antarctica: 4,912 (2015)
Largest City in Antarctica: McMurdo Station (1,258 (2013))
Highest mountain of Antarctica: Vinson Massif (16,050’)
Longest River in Antarctica: Onyx River 40 km (25 miles)
The area covered by the Antarctica continent is 12,949,940 square km, which makes it fifth in terms of the size of continents amongst the seven, while the population of the continent is only 4,912 (as per 2015 data). McMurdo Station is the largest city of the continent.
Antarctica is located at the southernmost end of the planet earth. It is so far away from the center that the climate conditions here are frigid, which forms a permanent glacier spread immensely over the continent, with the South Pole positioned amongst the massive glacier. Though the weather conditions of the continent are very harsh and inhospitable for the survival of life, yet around 5,000 people address this continent as a temporary home. Because of its worst weather conditions, Antarctica has the lowest population on earth. The ice on the continent covers almost all the land with one-mile thickness, which is responsible for the formation of glaciers that have settled permanently. The forms of life in Antarctica are seals, penguins, fungi and several plants. It is the only continent on the earth that has no reptiles.
The area covered by Antarctica is equal to the combined area of both Europe and Australia. The climate of Antarctica is extremely dry, which contributes towards the eligibility of being the biggest desert of the world. Along with dryness, its climate is most cold and windy amongst all the other continents. The temperature of Antarctica attains —90 degree Celsius in several of its areas.
Tourism In Antarctica
Antarctica was explored by Australians and New Zealand people in 1970, with the air overflights by their Airlines. Before this, there was sea tourism only. This was a milestone in the history of the world. Thousands of people visit the continent every year either through Sea cruises or by scenic flights. Yachting is also on of the favorite choices to visit Antarctica.
Tourist Attractions in Antarctica
For long, Antarctica did not see any visitors because of its solitude, distance, and adverse climatic conditions. But adventurous visitors cannot be bounded by such difficulties. Though tourists to Antarctica get small visits that last only a few hours, they indulge themselves in activities such as camping, cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, and hiking. There are also several most picturesque areas with plentiful wildlife in Antarctica. Small boats are used to visit these areas. All these tourist activities have become so famous in recent times that the Antarctica tourism is flourishing fantastically.
Landscapes Of Antarctica
The activities like sightseeing, cruising, expeditions and sea voyages attract numerous tourists who just come to view the beautiful Snowy continent. However, in actual, Antarctica is a vast desert, surrounded by water and covered with snow. It rains very little in Antarctica along with snowfall.
Antarctica is the only continent out of other 7 continents which has no significant flora and fauna, amphibians or reptiles, although its coasts offer nesting ground to numerous species of penguins and birds for migration. The Ocean in its South has a huge variety of fish and even whales, the largest water animals in the world.
Antarctica Tour may be short for the tourists but it is a lifetime experience, and a dream comes true for the visitors, who are fortunate enough to see the beautiful and unique continent.
6. Europe – Second Smallest Continent of the World
Land Area of Europe: 7,769,964 (km²)
Population of Europe: 742,500,000 (2013)
Largest City in Europe: London, England (13,879,757 (2015))
Highest mountain of Europe: Mount Elbrus (18510’)
Longest River in Europe: Volga River 3645 km (2266 miles)
Europe is located in the western part of the Eurasian landmass. Other than Australia, Europe is the smallest continent amongst all the 7 continents on the globe. It occupies the 7% of the land in the world. The Europe contributes towards the 11% of the global population. The continent has an average population of 134 individuals per square mile, which makes it second amongst the densely populated continents. The first densely populated continent is Asia with 203 individuals for every square mile.
Europe continent consists of fifty countries and a few territories. The Russian County being the largest country and smallest sovereign state is Vatican City, Italy. The territory of Russia is a part of the Europe as well as Asian continent. The 40% of Russian territory lands in the Europe continent. The continent includes islands like the British Isles, Sicily, and Iceland. The British Isles, also known as Great Britain, comprises of big islands such as Scotland, Wales and England and small islands such as Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, etc.
Europe is surrounded by a few water bodies, like the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea in the south, the Atlantic Ocean in the west and Arctic Ocean on the northern side
During the whole history, Europe has played an imperative role. These courses of incidents lead towards the shaping of many continents and their cultures, leaving the lasting effects. Indo-European immigrants came to the continent around 2,000 B.C. and got settled in the European continent. They brought their language and culture, whose influence can be seen in the most modern languages used in Europe. The successive generation of these settlers shaped the various countries in the continent. Moreover, because of Roman influence, the Europe accepted the Christianity.
Tourist Locations in Europe
Europe has some incredible tourist destinations to offer it to their visitors. There are many amazing man-made historical monuments along with modern marvels. There are many monuments, as well as most fashionable and trendy markets in the continent. The city of Paris, for example, is most attractive fashion capital, also known for the great marvel, Eifel Tower. Whether heritage of Greece, or Big Ben & Buckingham Palace of London, or City of gods; Rome, Europe has a vast variety of tourist locations. Places like Switzerland, France, Rome, London, etc. in Europe are the most-loved tourist destination across the world.
Culture of Europe
The culture of Europe is rooted in well-known common cultural heritage. It can be seen in the philosophy, literature, music, architecture and its art forms. This culture was extended to other continents through colonialism and industrialization. The Europeans follow Christian religion and their dominant language is English along with many other languages. Europe follows the westernized culture, which has been spread around the world through its immigrants. The European cuisine is one of the favorite foods in the world.
The Volga is the longest river in Europe, which is 2,294 miles long. There are numerous rivers and their tributaries in the continent. There are some wonderfully tranquil boating trips and cruises for the visitors of Europe along with adventurous rides on the waterways of the continent. There are numerous activities also available for the tourists like rafting and Sea kayaking.
The tourists who want to get the feel of adventure as well as serenity, can visit the continent for the waterway activities and have an incredibly memorable experience.
Travelling to Europe takes the visitors to another level of tourism experience, and it takes a lifetime to explore the incredible destinations across the continent.
7. Australia – Smallest Continent of the World
Land Area of Australia: 5,179,976 (km²)
Population of Australia: 23,130,000 (2013)
Largest City in Australia: Sydney, Australia (4,840,628 (2014))
Highest mountain of Australia: Puncak Jaya (16024’)
Longest River in Australia: Murray-Darling River 3370 km (2904 miles)
Australia is the only single country continent amongst all the 7 continents in the world. Regarding Area, it is the smallest continent and the 6th largest country in the world. Its small size and isolated placement contribute towards its popularity as an island continent. The continent exists in the Indo-Australian Plate and has a vast area of 7,61,930 square km. Australia is surrounded by two water bodies, Pacific Ocean, and the Indian Ocean. Enriched with the biological diversity, the population of Australia is lowest among the 7 continents (other than Antarctica). Australia has a wealth of the Great Barrier Reef, world’s largest Coral Reef, which covers around two thousand km of the Australian northeastern coast. Not only reef, the largest monolith of the world, mount Augusts is also found in Australia.
This Oceania country in Australia is also formally called ‘Commonwealth’ of this continent. The country consists of numerous small islands and Tasmania, along with whole Australia.
British immigrants came to Australia and settled here with original Australian Inhabitants. Originally Australia had 250 various languages, but British influence changed their preference of language. Australia is a developed and wealthiest continents as well as the country. It has world-class health, education, economy, protection and freedom facilities. The economy of Australia is twelfth largest in the world with the fifth ranking of per capita income. The Grandeur Australian country and islands, calls for the best tourist attractions.
Outstanding Structures In Australia
Australia is very famous for its Opera House in Sydney, and wild desert huge Outback. Tourist can explore the wildlife in the various national parks and Botanical Gardens that include a distinctive variety of plants and animal species. The most well known of these species around the world, are duck-billed platypuses and Kangaroos. Along with nature’s blessing, Australia also encompasses some of Worlds significant architectural wonders, cinemas, exhibitions and theaters. There are some magnificent creations in Australia that have the capabilities to mesmerize the tourists and compel them to visit again.
Tourist Locations in Australia
The Continent Australia is the place with impeccable beauty and astonishing diversification. The vibrant coastline of the continent is the land of sand, and multicultural cities. Along this coastline, tourists can experience many adventurous activities like diving the Great Barrier Reef, explore the historical rainforests, safari across the mass of islands or just roam around the cities to have a look at their lifestyles and meet the amiable, lively and grounded citizens of the country. Adventurous people can also visit the red deserts or the historic National Parks. Australia has something for everyone. Cities like Sydney and Melbourne has Mega Structures to offer to their tourists, while beaches and the tourist attractions of Australia, its National Parks, (few of the largest in the world) are world Heritage locations.
Culture of Australia
Unique Locations in Australia leads to the influence of Western culture in the continent along with the vibrant fusion of Aboriginal and other oceanic heritages. Migrants from Britain also had a significant impact on the culture of Australia. British traditions and their innovative ideas changed the Australian’s lifestyles and contributed towards the uniqueness of the Australian culture. The predominant English language of Australia is also an Anglo-Celtic legacy. Tourists of Australia have the special liking towards the western culture and art scenes of Australia.
There are many Rivers in the continent that are located near its coastline. The longest River of Australia is Murray River, which is 2508 km long. It has the longest tributaries, making Murray even longer. In the north of Australia, there is Ord River around Kununurra that provides fertility as well as electricity to the area around. These Rivers offer many activities like sight-seeing, fishing, etc., etc. to the Australian tourists.
Therefore, Australian Tourism has plenty in terms of Nature and Heritage, fused with its Western Culture, which make the continent among the best visitor’s destinations of the world.