Antarctica is a sensational continent with all the elements such as ice, water, rock and snow, chosen by God to make this heaven on the earth. This massive white continent is the reason of curiosity amongst many.
Geography of the Antarctic
The location of Antarctica is mostly South Pole region. There is ice everywhere, so much that the continent looks white in color. It is situated in the southern hemisphere of the planet. The area of land/snow of Antarctica is 14 million square km. The continent is adjoined by the Oceans like the Indian Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean.
Almost whole planet is covered with Arctic ice sheet, which is the biggest ice sheet on earth. It also has the maximum amount of fresh water on the globe. There is enormous ice on the continent, which covers the bedrocks of Antarctica. Usually, the thickness of ice on the continent is 1.6 km, whereas, at some places, it is even thicker than 2.5 km (below sea level).
Unbelievably, the continent has subglacial streams of water in the liquid form, and one such example is Lake Vostok.
The Antarctica has the coldest weather on the planet. The lowest temperature noted was -93.2 degree Celsius in 2013 with the help of a satellite on a cloud free day. The climate of Antarctica is extremely dry, and most people would not believe that Antarctica is actually a desert. The most locations of Antarctica have ice glaciers, which means that the ice seldom melts there forming the thick sheet of the ice. Hence, the weather conditions on the continent are frigid and dry with very few people living there.
The ice glaciers, extremely cold weather, ice covered an array of mountains, and it’s unrealistic aura attracts the visitors to explore the continent every year. Most people take triumph in experiencing the lonely white heaven on earth. Antarctica has always created curiosity among scientists, voyagers, and government officials. But, other than these people, there are many tourists who travel to this continent to experience the new horizons of tourism. The cruise or boat trips, whale watching, impressive landscapes of glaciers, and kayak icy waters, are amongst the fantabulous tourist attractions on Antarctic continent.
There are names of all the adventurers with their sovereigns are mentioned on the shores of the continent. All the famous explorers whether Scott, Amundsen or Cook, whoever attempted to enter the massive land of Antarctic have their names mentioned with the distinguished levels of victory. A few of their shelters are still upheld because of the frozen continent and they indicate towards the hunger of these explorers for an adventurous life.
Antarctica is such a vast continent covered with snow that it is non-describable. It can amaze anyone with its splendor and the divinity. However, the weather conditions are so severe in Antarctica, but there is something that draws you towards the continent. In spite of harsh climate, there are many species of birds, plants and animals that have survived on Antarctica. There are only few thousand human beings, who migrate every year. Still, the Antarctica has the enigma to charm the humanity.
Variety of Wildlife
The Antarctica has many remarkable varieties of living species who have adapted to the rough weather conditions of the continent. Some are migrants who come to visit during pleasant summers while others have developed themselves to suit the icy conditions. There are millions of seabirds, penguins, Weddell Seal and emperor penguins along with many diverse species on the continent that are incredible. The wildlife of the continent is also familiar with the travelers. The kind of variety of life found on the white icy land, and the way they have adjusted themselves to the surrounding is startling.